9. Dutton, E. & Woodley of Menie, M.A. (2018). At Our Wits’ End: Why We’re Becoming Less Intelligent and What it Means for the Future. Exeter: Imprint Academic.

We are becoming less intelligent. This is the shocking yet fascinating message of At Our Wits’ End. The authors take us on a journey through the growing body of evidence that we are significantly less intelligent now than we were a hundred years ago. The research proving this is, at once, profoundly thought-provoking, highly controversial, and it’s currently only read by academics. But the authors are passionate that it cannot remain ensconced in the ivory tower any longer. With At Our Wits’ End, they present the first ever popular scientific book on this crucially important issue. They prove that intelligence — which is strongly genetic — was increasing up until the breakthrough of the Industrial Revolution, because we were subject to the rigors of Darwinian Selection, meaning that lots of surviving children was the preserve of the cleverest. But since then, they show, intelligence has gone into rapid decline, because large families are increasingly the preserve of the least intelligent. The book explores how this change has occurred and, crucially, what its consequences will be for the future. Can we find a way of reversing the decline of our IQ? Or will we witness the collapse of civilization and the rise of a new Dark Age?

“Dutton and Woodley of Menie have written a fascinating account of the causes and implications of intelligence trends for human civilisation, and stress that our own shows symptoms of decline.   The range of their learning and the clarity of their style will delight the reader.”

Prof. James R. Flynn, University of Otago

8. Dutton, E. (2018). How to Judge People By What They Look Like. Thomas Edward Press.


‘You can’t judge people by what they look like!’ It’s drummed into us as children and, as this book proves, it is utterly false. In this highly readable analysis of the academic research, Dutton shows that we are evolved to judge people’s psychology from what they look like, we can accurately work out people’s personality and intelligence from how they look, and (quite often) we have to if we want to survive. Body shape, hairiness, eye width, finger length, even how big a woman’s breasts are . . . Dutton shows that these, and much else, are windows into personality, intelligence, or both. Once you read How to Judge People by What They Look Like, you’ll never look at people the same again.’



‘Highly informative and entertaining’

Dr Bruce Charlton, Reader in Psychiatry, Newcastle University

‘This is a fascinating book on a topic that has generally been ignored in the research literature. Highly recommended.’

Dr F. Roger Devlin, Occidental Observer,

7. Dutton, E. & Charlton, B. (2016). The Genius Famine: Why We Need Geniuses, Why They’re Dying Out and Why we Must Rescue Them. Buckingham: University of Buckingham Press.

Geniuses are rare and exceptional people; but the great ideas, discoveries and inventions of human history, which have allowed the development of civilization itself, were the products of geniuses.

The Genius Famine finds that a genius combines extremely high intelligence with a unworldly, intuitive personality. Geniuses will seldom fit-into normal society, they will seldom want to. And we shouldn’t want them to, because it is their unusual and socially-difficult nature which drives geniuses to come up with original ideas, and solutions to otherwise unsolvable problems. But modern society has been hit by a genius famine. There are ever-fewer geniuses and, to make matters worse, modern society has become actively hostile to those few geniuses we still have.

The Genius Famine explores the nature of genius, why the genius famine has happened, how the famine will lead to the decline of civilization, and what we can and should do to overcome it.

‘The Genius Famine ranks as essential reading for anyone concerned with the fall of civilization and how to resurrect it. Expertly written, in a seemingly offhand but intensely analytical style, it does not grow old or slow as a reading experience but instead offers new revelations on nearly every page.’

Brett Stevens, Amerika.

6. Dutton, E. (2015). The Ruler of Cheshire: Sir Piers Dutton, Tudor Gangland and the Violent Politics of the Palatine. Northwich: Leonie Press.

Beyond the control of the crown, Early Tudor Cheshire was a lawless gangland in which warring magnates battled for power. None were more ruthless than Sir Piers Dutton. Friend of Henry VIII’s chief minister Thomas Cromwell, trusted servant of the king, and son of one of Cheshire’s most influential families, Dutton drew upon a combination of cut-throat guile, carefully cultivated connections, and pure good luck to destroy his enemies and dominate the county palatine.

The Ruler of Cheshire is a story of gang warfare, rampant corruption, violent vendettas, power politics, and murder. It traces the rise of Sir Piers Dutton from wayward youth languishing in Chester jail, to trusted courtier, High Sheriff of Cheshire, scourge of the king’s enemies, and figure so powerful that his rivals conceded that he could do as he wished in Cheshire and there was nothing anybody could do about it.

The first detailed biography of an Early Tudor local magnate, The Ruler of Cheshire makes a vital contribution to Gentry Studies as well as bringing to life one of Tudor Cheshire’s most fascinating and unscrupulous characters.

‘A fact-filled, hard-hitting, authoritative study which is thoroughly researched, well-written and skilfully winds Sir Piers Dutton’s life into the history and fabric of Cheshire and England in the early sixteenth century. This is not just a book about a particular aspect of Cheshire’s history, it is an important study into English social history and one that anyone with an interest in Cheshire ought to read.’

Tony Bostock, Former Chairman of Cheshire Local History Association.

‘well-researched and drawing upon an impressively wide range of primary and secondary sources . . . This is a sound and thorough study of the character and actions of a major player in early Tudor history . . . this is an interesting tale, well told, which makes an important contribution to the historiography of the county.’

Jonathan Pepler, Cheshire History.

5. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2015). Race and Sport: Evolution and Racial Differences in Sporting Ability. London: Ulster Institute for Social Research.

Race and Sport: Evolution and Racial Differences in Sporting Ability

This study examines the relationship between race and sport and argues that races differ in achievement in various sports in part for genetic reasons. The adaptation of different races to varied environments provides them with a number of physical and psychological advantages and disadvantages in relation to each other in various sports. Differing levels of racial accomplishment in sports requiring different physical and psychological abilities reflect these adaptations.

The authors provide definitions of the terms “sport” and “race”, show that sporting ability is partly genetic, and examine racial differences in physical adaptations in relation to differences in ability in various sports. They also discuss how racial genetic differences in intelligence and personality relate to sporting ability, and look at the effect of environmental and sociological factors. Data is presented on a wide range of team and individual sports, showing that their racial profile is as racial differences in physical and mental ability would predict.

Reading this book was probably the first time ever in my life that I’ve been engrossed in the topic of sports!  HBD Chick

. . . will give the idealistic and ignoracist prophets of postmodern hermeneuticist ‘cultural’ Marxism plenty to ponder.

Dr Chris Brand, Mankind Quarterly.

‘compelling analysis’

Dr Frank Ellis, Quarterly Review.

4. Dutton, E. (2014), Religion and Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis, London: Ulster Institute for Social Research.


In this comprehensive review of research on the relationship between intelligence and religion, Edward Dutton conclusively demonstrates that the more intelligent are less religious than the less intelligent both within countries and across the world. He also shows that intelligence is negatively associated with other ideologies, including Marxism and Romantic nationalism, which he argues are comparable to religions. The paradox that some highly intelligent people are religious is explained by personality factors.

“Edward Dutton’s masterful analysis shows that Sir James Frazer and Richard Dawkins were right in arguing that people with high IQs are generally agnostic or atheists”

Prof. Richard Lynn, Emeritus Professor of Psychology, University of Ulster, Coleraine

“Dr Dutton is to be commended for his extensive research and his temerity.”
Dr Leslie Jones, Quarterly Review.

3. Dutton, E. (2012), Culture Shock and Multiculturalism, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.


It used to be widely accepted amongst anthropologists that when they did fieldwork with foreign cultures they experienced something called ‘culture shock.’ This book argues that ‘culture shock’ is a useful model for understanding an important part of human experience. However, in its most widely-known form, the stage model, ‘culture shock’ has been heavily influenced by the same anti-science, latter-day religiosity that has become so influential more broadly: Multiculturalism. This book examines culture shock through the model of ‘religion.’ It will show how the most well-known model of culture shock – so popular amongst business consultants, expatriates, international students and travelers – has become a means of promoting and sustaining this replacement religion which includes everything from dogmatism and fervour to conversion experience. By so doing, it will aim both to better understand culture shock and to show how it can still be useful, if divorced from its implicitly religious dimensions, to broadly scientific scholars. It will also suggest how anthropology itself might be stripped of its ideological infiltration and returned to the realm of science.

‘If you enjoy spotting the dishonesties, inconsistencies, and other irrationalities in what passes for thought these days, you’ll appreciate Edward Dutton’s new book. In Culture Shock and Multiculturalism Dutton presents a defence of rationality and, relatedly, a call for truth . . . As an allegory for much that is wrong with anthropology (Culture Shock) is a salutary lesson and one that extends far beyond academic anthropology.’

– Dr A. R. Kneen, Cambridge University, Quarterly Review.

2. Dutton, E. (2009), The Finnuit: Finnish Culture and the Religion of Uniqueness, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.


‘Finland has a unique culture.’ This is uncritically accepted by many ordinary Finns, travel writers and even foreign and Finnish academics. Why is Finnish culture accepted as being unique? What do people really mean when they term Finnish culture as ‘unique’? Is Finnish culture really a mystery – an enigma, beyond comparison; something that can never ‘make sense’? In The Finnuit, Edward Dutton reveals Finnish ‘uniqueness’ to be a religious dogma. It reflects the modern-day religions of Romantic nationalism and its cousin Cultural Relativism which turn disempowered cultures into mysterious gods to be worshipped and awed at. And Dutton argues that Finnish culture can be ‘understood’ – like anything – through comparison. Drawing upon detailed fieldwork, he finds that Finnish culture makes sense as a diluted Greenland – the world’s most advanced Arctic culture.

‘This book is definitely a thought-provoking read and it challenges ways of thinking about Finns and Finland.’

Dr Linda Hart, Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society

1. Dutton, E. (2008), Meeting Jesus at University: Rites of Passage and Student Evangelicals, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishers. Routledge (2016).

jesusHow does university turn students into who they become? Why are student evangelicals such a significant and controversial force at so many universities? In many countries, university has become the main Rite of Passage between the child and adult worlds. University can be enjoyable and fascinating but also life-changing and traumatic. And at the exact time when a student’s identity is the most challenged and uncertain, student evangelical groups are highly organised on many university campuses to offer students a powerful identity so that the world makes sense once again. For some, these groups will protect them from the university’s assault on their faith. For others, they will challenge and even change who they are.  Meeting Jesus at University explores universities in six countries. Drawing upon detailed fieldwork, it examines the largest student evangelical group at each university in order to understand in depth the relationship between the student evangelical group and the university which it aims to convert. Meeting Jesus at University offers an original contribution to the discussion of Rites of Passage, examining what is experienced at university and how university breaks down and remoulds young people. It explores why student evangelicals are so active, particularly at Britain and America’s most prestigious and identity-challenging institutions meaning that students at these places are the most likely to find themselves meeting Jesus at university.

‘ . . . certainly makes some fascinating reading . . . if the mark of a good book is that it raises as many questions as it answers, this undoubtedly qualifies and, as a result, I would recommend it to anyone engaged or interested in the field of student ministry’

Dr Samuel Gibson, Modern Believing.

‘ . . . this is a succinct, direct, competent, carefully argued, suitably documented and cogent study combining a personal voice, concrete detail and overarching theory fluently and effectively.’

Prof. John Sullivan, Heythrop Journal.

This is a fascinating social anthropological account of a little explored area . . . well worth the read.’

Dr Chris Williams, Journal of Education and Christian Belief.

(Dutton’s) conclusions are set out with careful analysis, but his main argument is one that makes intuitive as well as scholarly sense….One thing that makes this book so valuable is its comparative nature; another is its detached and measured approach. It will be useful to those ministering in a higher-education institution, but also to everyone who wants to understand the relationship between religious organisations and the societies in which they operate.’

Rev’d Dr Calley Hammond, Church Times.

… absorbing, highly readable and long overdue study… Dutton delicately dissects out the differences between the various universities he has studied, speculating intelligently and realistically about the reasons for the differences… most enlightening… No end of fascinating theses can be built on [Dutton’s observations].’

His Honour Judge Charles Foster (Fellow of Green Templeton College, Oxford University), Contemporary Review.



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